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In this section, you will read about pdf chapter as well as its example.

pdf chapter

     

As we all have seen a pdf file, in the pdf file there are too many chapter. Do you want to make them by your own. In this program we are going to tell you how you can make different chapters in pdf file irrespective of the fact whether it exists or not.

To make a program over this, firstly we need to import some packages. Remember to make this program the first and foremost thing to remember is to place the iText.jar in WEB-INF/lib of your web application. The packages we were talking about are java.io.* for input output, com.lowagie.text.pdf.*, and com.lowagie.text.*. These two package will help us to make and use pdf file in our program.

Now create a file named chapterPDF. Remember the name of the file should be such that the reader can understand what the program is going to perform. Inside the class declare a main method inside which we are going to write the logic of our program.

Firstly make a object of class Document. The Document describes a document's page size, margins, and other important attributes. It works as a container for a document's chapters, sections, images, paragraphs, and other content. 

Now create a document writer that writes the equivalent syntax for a document's content to a specific OutputStream. PdfWriter.getInstance() creates a PDF document writer that writes PDF syntax to concerned file by a FileOutputStream. If the pdf file doesn't exist then it will create a pdf file by that name.

Now open the document by document.open(). Make a Paragraph object and inside the constructor of the Paragraph pass a String. Now make a Chapter and inside the constructor of Chapter pass a paragraph object that houses a paragraph of text, tells the PDF document writer to ensure that the Paragraph's text is justified on both sides. Add the Chapter object to the previously created Document. At last closes the document by using the document.close(). The closing of the document is important because it flushes and closes the OutputStream instance. 

 

The code of the program is given below:

import java.io.*;
import com.lowagie.text.*;
import com.lowagie.text.pdf.*;
import java.awt.*;
public class chapterPDF{
public static void main(String arg[])throws Exception{
Document document=new Document();
PdfWriter.getInstance(document,new FileOutputStream("chapterPDF.pdf"));
document.open();
Paragraph paragraph=new Paragraph("Rose-Java");
Paragraph paragraph1=new Paragraph("Rose-Java1");
Paragraph paragraph2=new Paragraph("Rose-Java2");
Paragraph paragraph3=new Paragraph("Rose-Java3");
Paragraph paragraph4=new Paragraph("Rose-Java4");
Paragraph paragraph5=new Paragraph("Rose-Java5");
Chapter chapter=new Chapter(paragraph,0);
Chapter chapter1=new Chapter(paragraph1,1);
Chapter chapter2=new Chapter(paragraph2,2);
Chapter chapter3=new Chapter(paragraph3,3);
Chapter chapter4=new Chapter(paragraph4,4);
Chapter chapter5=new Chapter(paragraph5,5);
document.add(chapter);
document.add(chapter1);
document.add(chapter2);
document.add(chapter3);
document.add(chapter4);             
document.add(chapter5);
document.close();
}
}

The output of the program is given below:

Download this program.

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Posted on: April 17, 2007

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