JSF application typically uses JSP pages to represent views. JSF provides useful special tags to enhance these views. Each tag gives rise to an associated component. JSF provides 43 tags in two standard JSF tag libraries:
JSF Core Tags Library and
JSF Html Tags Library
Even a very simple page uses tags from both libraries.
<%@ taglib uri=”http://java.sun.com/jsf/core “ prefix=”f” %>
<%@ taglib uri=”http://java.sun.com/jsf/html “ prefix=”h” %>
In the above code fragment we have imported two JSF tag libraries with the help of taglib directive. JSF Core Tag Library contains set of JSF core tags while JSF Html Tags Library contains set of html tags. Prefix is used to use tags defined in tag library. Here we are using conventional names f and h for Core & Html tags respectively. We have the choice to choose any name for the prefixes.
JSF Html Tags:
These tags represent html components like text fields, buttons, form.
Html tags can be divided into following categories:
Inputs (inputText, inputTextarea)
Outputs (outputText, outputLabel)
Selections (selectOneRadio, selectOneListbox, selectOneMenu for radio buttons, list boxes, menu etc)
Data table (dataTable)
Errors and messages (message, messages)
Some examples have been given below to understand how to use these tags and its attributes:
creates a single line text input control where id attribute is used to uniquely identify the component rendered by this tag and value attribute sets the current value of the component.
<h:outputText id="ID2" value="Welcome"/>
creates a single line text output where id attribute uniquely identifies the rendered component and current value is set by value attribute .
creates a command button where value attribute sets the value that is displayed on the button when it is rendered and action attribute is used to invoke a method defined in backing bean when a user does an action on the component .According to the return of the invoked method it is determined which view is to be displayed next.
In JSF Html Tag Library there are 25 core tags .
JSF Core Tags:
These tags allows you to take advantages of features of JSF framework, like validation, conversion , event handling. Core library is stepchild of Html library. i.e. core library supports the html library. Core tag library also contains tags for views and sub-views , loading resource bundle, adding arbitrary text to a page. Some examples of JSF core tags are:
f: view tag is used to create top level view
f: subview tag is used to create subview of a view.
f: validator tag is used to add a validator to a component.
f: converter tag is used to add an arbitrary converter to a component.
f: actionListener tag is used to add an action listener to a component.
f:valueChangeListener tag is used to add a valuechange listener to a component
Some examples have been given below to understand how to use these tags:
<h:outputText value="label" />
f: view tag is used to create top level view and is a container for all JSF component tags on a page. Where locale attribute provides several options for presenting localized views of your application. Here "en" represents English and if we give velue "fr" to locale attribute then french view will be displayed. So this attribute is useful for internationalization purpose.
<c:import url="second.jsp" />
Here f:subview tag is like container for the JSF components contained in an included JSP page (second.jsp).
<f:validator validatorId="Txt_Validator" />
The Validator tag registers a Validator on the component associated with the enclosing tag. In validatorId field, we give the value of one of the validator-id element of a validator in your Faces configuration file.
In JSF Core Tag Library there are 18 core tags .
All JSF Core Tags: