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Spring supports remoting for six different RPC models:

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Spring supports remoting for six different RPC models:

SPRING ... REMOTING

by Farihah Noushene B.E.,

PART-IV

     

(PUBLISHED IN DEVELOPER IQ - September2005)  

Spring supports remoting for six different RPC models:

1. Remote Method Invocation (RMI)

2. Hessian

3. Burlap

4. HTTP invoker

5. EJB

6. JAX-RPC

In all the models, services are configured into the application through spring configuration file as spring managed beans. This is accomplished by using a proxy factory bean that enable us to wire remote services into the properties of our beans as if they were local objects.

Spring provides 'RmiProxyFactoryBean' to use the RMI service and 'RmiServiceExporter' to export any spring managed bean as a RMI service.

For wiring a Hessian based service to Spring client, Spring's 'HessianProxyFactory Bean' is used. To export a Hessian Service 'HessianServiceExporter' is used and similarly for wiring a Burlap service 'BurlapProxyFactoryBean' is used and 'BurlapServiceExporter' is used to export a burlap service.

For exporting beans as HTTP invoker services, 'HttpInvokerServiceExporter' is used .To access an HTTP invoker service 'HttpInvokerProxyFactoryBean' can be used.

Spring provides two proxy factory beans to access the Enterprise Java Beans. 'LocalStatelessSessionProxyFactoryBean' is used to access the EJB in the same container(local) and another one is

'SimpleRemoteStatelessSessionProxyFactoryBean' which is used to access the remote EJBs.

For all the above models spring provides service exporter classes that exports Java Beans as remote service. Spring does not provide any EJB Service Exporter and it provides four abstract support classes to make the development of Spring enabled EJB. They are 

1. AbstractMessageDrivenBean to develop MDBs that accept sources other than JMS.

2. AbstractJmsMessageDrivenBean to develop MDBs that accept messages from JMS sources.

3. AbstractStatelessSessionBean to develop stateless session bean.

4. AbstractStstefulSessionBean to develop stateful session bean.  

'JaxRpcPostProxyFactoryBean' is used to wire a web service into the spring application.

The client makes calls to the proxy to provide the service and the proxy calls the remote service on behalf of the client.

--------------------------------------------

Now we shall see how to wire other RMI services into spring application and also how to export our own service.

Remote Method Invocation (RMI) Model:

RMI was first introduced in JDK 1.1.  But developing and accessing  RMI services involves various steps and also have lookups which makes the code hard to test. Spring simplifies the RMI by providing a 'proxy factory bean' that enables us to wire the RMI services into spring application as if they were local beans. Spring also provides a remote exporter that converts our 'spring managed beans' into RMI services.

Spring's 'RmiProxyFactoryBean' is a factory bean that creates a proxy to RMI service. It is declared spring configuration file under the <bean> tag as follows,

<bean  id="service1" 

   class="org.springframework.remoting.rmi.RmiProxyFactoryBean">

   <property name="serviceUrl">

  <value>rmi://${hostname}/service1</value>  

   </property>

   <property name="serviceInterface">

  <value>service1</value>

   </property>

</bean>

The url of the RMI service is set through the 'serviceUrl' property. The 'serviceInterface' property specifies the interface that the service implements and only through that the client invokes methods on the service.

For using the service the implementation  code is wired to the RMI using the following code,

<bean id="serviceimpl" class="serviceimpl">

   <property name="service1">

   <ref bean="service1"/>

   </property>

</bean>

-------------------------------------------

First set the path and classpath as before. Next edit the RMI service.

//f:\springdemo\rmserver.java

import java.rmi.*;

public  interface  rmserver  extends Remote

{

   String   getresult(String   s)  throws RemoteException;

}

----------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmserverimpl.java

import java.rmi.*;

import java.rmi.server.*;

public class rmserverimpl extends UnicastRemoteObject

   implements rmserver

{

   public static void main(String args[])

   {

  try

  {

   rmserverimpl   ob = new rmserverimpl();

   Naming.rebind("rmserver",ob);

   System.out.println("ready");

  }

  catch(Exception e1)

   {System.out.println(""+e1);}

   }

   public rmserverimpl() throws RemoteException

   {

   System.out.println("constructor ok");

   }

   public String getresult(String  a)  throws RemoteException

   {

   return "Hai..."+a;

   }

}

----------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmserver.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN"

"http://www.springframework.org/dtd/

 spring-beans.dtd">

<beans>

  <bean id="rmserver"

  class="org.springframework.remoting.rmi.RmiProxyFactoryBean">

   <property name="serviceUrl">

   <value>rmi://localhost/rmserver</value>  

   </property>

   <property name="serviceInterface">

   <value>rmserver</value>

   </property>

  </bean>

  <bean   id="rmserverimpl"  class="rmserverimpl">

    <property name="rmserver">

  <ref bean="rmserver"/>

  </property>

  </bean>

</beans>

---------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmspring.java

import java.rmi.*;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.*;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.*;

import org.springframework.core.io.*;

public class  rmspring

{

   public static void main(String args[])

   {

  try

  {

   System.out.println("Wait..");

   Resource   res = new ClassPathResource("rmi.xml");

   BeanFactory   factory = new XmlBeanFactory(res);

   rmserver bean1 = (rmserver) factory.getBean("rmserver");

   String r=bean1.getresult(args[0]);

   System.out.println(r);

  }

  catch(Exception e1)

  {System.out.println(""+e1);}

   }

}

---------------------------------------

To run:

f:\springdemo>javac rmserver.java

f:\springdemo>javac rmserverimpl.java

f:\springdemo>rmic rmserverimpl (To create stub and skeleton)

f:\springdemo>javac rmspring.java

f:\springdemo>start rmiregistry (a blank window will appear)

f:\springdemo>java rmserverimpl

Open another Window and run the client code by giving the argument

f:\springdemo>java rmspring "sam"

We will get the output as:

Wait..  
......
Hai... sam

Here we have removed the 'lookup' code in the client side.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Spring also supports the server side of RMI. Here the service itself is written with spring and it is exposed as an RMI service. Here the bean is written as a simple JavaBean. Also we need not generate the stub and skeleton using 'rmic' command and manually add it to RMI registry. Instead of these traditional procedure 'RmiServiceExporter' is used to export any Spring managed bean as an RMI service. It wrapps the bean in an adapter class. The adapter class is then bound to RMI registry and the proxies request the service.

<bean   class="org.springframework.remoting.rmi.RmiServiceExporter">

   <property name="service1">

   <ref bean="service1"/>

   </property>

   <property name="serviceName">

  <value>service1</value>

   </property>

   <property name="serviceInterface">

  <value>service1</value>

   </property>

</bean>

The 'serviceName property' indicates the name of service and 'serviceInterface' specifies the interface implemented by the service. There is no need of 'serviceUrl' here

First set the path and classpath as before. Next edit the service.

//f:\springdemo\rmservice.java

public  interface  rmservice

{

  String   getresult(String  s);

}
------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmserviceimpl.java

public class rmserviceimpl  implements  rmservice

{

   public static void main(String args[])

   {

  System.out.println("ready");

   }

   public rmserviceimpl()

   {

  System.out.println("constructor ok");

   }

   public String getresult(String  a)

   {

  return "Hai"+a;

   }

}

------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmservice.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN"

"http://www.springframework.org/dtd/  spring-beans.dtd">

  <beans>

   <bean  class="org.springframework.remoting.rmi.RmiServiceExporter">

   <property name="service">

   <value>rmservice</value>  

   </property>

   <property name="serviceName">

   <value>service1</value>  

   </property>

   <property name="serviceInterface">

   <value>rmservice</value>

   </property>

   </bean>

   <bean id="rmservice" class="rmserviceimpl">

   </bean>

</beans>

------------------------------------------

//f:\springdemo\rmserviceclient.java

import java.io.*;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.*;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.*;

import org.springframework.core.io.*;

class   rmserviceclient

{

   public static void main(String args[])

   {

  try

  {

   System.out.println("Wait..");

   Resource  res = new ClassPathResource("rmservice.xml");

   BeanFactory  factory = new  XmlBeanFactory(res);

   System.out.println("factory created");

   rmservice bean1 = (rmservice)factory.getBean("rmservice");

   String s = bean1.getresult(args[0]);

   System.out.println(s);

  }

  catch(Exception e1)

   {System.out.println(""+e1);}

   }

}

---------------------------------------

To run:

f:\springdemo>javac rmservice.java

f:\springdemo>javac rmserviceimpl.java

f:\springdemo>javac rmserviceclient.java

f:\springdemo>java rmsserviceclient

We will get Output as:

Wait..

Aug 12, 2002 10:55:07 PM  

   org.springframework.beans.factory.

   xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader

   loadBeanDefinitions

INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from

  class path resource[rmservice.xml]

Aug 12, 2002 10:55:07 PM

   org.springframework.beans.factory.

   support.AbstractBeanFactory getBean

INFO: Creating shared instance of

  singleton bean 'rmservice'

constructor   ok

Hai...sam  

Here the service interface doesn't extend the 'java.rmi.Remote' method and 'RemoteException' is not thrown by the methods. There is no binding in the implementation code. Also we can direcly run the client. No run to run 'rmserverimpl' first. Also there is no need to run the RMI registry.

--------------------------------------

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Posted on: March 22, 2005

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Comments:1
Makarand
June 8, 2012
Srping RMI Server with Simple RMI Client

Is spring based RMI server as illustrated above is compatible with a RMI client (plain old RMI client - not spring based) ? I have been trying to get this combination working. But no luck. Does the RMI client has to be spring based too ?
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