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Inheritance in Spring

                         

Inheritance Demo, In the example given below we are going to tell about the inheritance in the Spring framework. By inheritance we mean a way of forming new classes using classes that have already been defined. Here we have created a simple bean and used this bean as a template for creating other beans.

<bean id="parent" class="mybean" >:-Creates a  Parent bean which would be used as a template for creating other beans. Here "mybean" is the name of the bean class which would be referred in the xml file with the id "parent".

<bean id="child" class="mybean" parent="parent">:-Creates a child bean which would be inheriting from the parent bean defined above.

parent="parent":-Specify that this bean is inheriting the properties of some other bean. 

<bean id="parent" class="mybean" >         <property name="name" value="Roseindia.net"/>     
</bean>
    <bean id="child" class="mybean" parent="parent">     <property name="address" value="Rohini"/>     
</bean>

context.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <bean id="parent" class="mybean" >
        <property name="name" value="Roseindia.net"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="child" class="mybean" parent="parent">
        <property name="address" value="Rohini"/>
    </bean>

    <bean id="subchild" class="mybean" parent="parent"/>

</beans>

Main.java

This is the file through which we are retrieving the property of the bean defined above. Some of the methods which are used here are as follows:-

XmlBeanFactory factory = new XmlBeanFactory(new ClassPathResource("context.xml")):-This method creates an instance of the XmlBeanFactory which is used to read bean definition from an XML document

new ClassPathResource("context.xml"):-
Creates a new ClassPathResource for ClassLoader .Here the context.xml is the file which is to be loaded.

(bf.getBean("child")):-This method returns an instance of the bean named "child", which is shared or independent, of the given bean name.

(bf.getBean("subchild")):-This method returns an instance of the bean named "subchild", which is shared or independent, of the given bean name.

stringBuilder.append("Bean"):-This is the method of the class string Builder which appends the specified string to this character sequence.


import org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;

public class Main {

  public static void main(String[] argsthrows Exception {
    XmlBeanFactory bf = new XmlBeanFactory(new ClassPathResource("context.xml"));
    System.out.println("===============Inheritance demo=================");
    System.out.println(bf.getBean("child"));
    System.out.println(bf.getBean("subchild"));
    
  }
}
class mybean {
  private String name;
  private String address;

  public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
  }

    public void setAddress(String address) {
        this.address = address;
    }
 
  @Override
  public String toString() {
      final StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
      stringBuilder.append("Bean");
      stringBuilder.append("{name='").append(name).append('\'');
      stringBuilder.append(", address=").append(address);
     
      stringBuilder.append('}');
      return stringBuilder.toString();
  }
}

Output of the program

Nov 25, 2008 3:39:29 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader loadBeanDefinitions INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [context.xml] ===============Inheritance demo================= Bean{name='Roseindia.net', address=Rohini} Bean{name='Roseindia.net', address=null} BUILD SUCCESSFUL (total time: 1 second)

Download source code

                         

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