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Execute database query by using sql tag of JSTL SQL library

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Here in this section we are going to create application that execute sql query given by user using JSTL SQL Library.

Execute database query by using sql tag of JSTL SQL library

     

Here in this section we are going to create application that execute sql query given by user using JSTL SQL Library. To execute query first create a data source and then execute sql query for that data source.

 

 

 

 

 

<sql:setDataSource> : This tag is used to create data source for specified driver, user name and password of database, url etc. 
Attributes of the tag <sql:setDataSource> 
dataSource Optional attribute for explicitly specifying their connection factory, it may be a instance   javax.sql.DataSource interface.
driver  driver class name that is use to create connection.
url  url associated with given database.
user  It specifies user name of the database.
password  It specifies password of the database.
var  var is a variable that is used to store created data source.
Scope  Define the scope for declared variable like page or request or session or application.

After creating connection to database, now we are explaining how to execute sql query. To execute sql query we have used a sql tag <sql:query>, it executes sql and stores result in specified variable.

<sql:query> : This tag is used to create data source for specified driver, user name and password of database, url etc. 
Attributes of the tag <sql:query> 
dataSource  It specifies that for which data source you want to execute given query.
sql  It specifies sql query statement.
startRow  The returned Result object includes the rows starting at the specified index.
maxRows specifies max number of rows in the query result.
var  var is a variable that is used to store result after execution of given sql query.
Scope  Define the scope for declared variable like page or request or session or application.

Before run this code first create a database named 'mahendra' and table named 'employee_master' in same database by the sql query given below:

Query to create table:
CREATE TABLE `employee_master` (             
         `emp_id` int(10) NOT NULL auto_increment,  
         `firstName` varchar(20) default NULL,      
         `lastname` varchar(20) default NULL,       
         `salary` double default NULL,              
         `tonus` double default NULL,               
          PRIMARY KEY  (`emp_id`)                    
        ) 
Structure of the table:




executeQuery_JstlSqlTag.jsp

<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jstl/core" prefix="c"%>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jstl/sql" prefix="sql"%>
<sql:setDataSource var="dataSource" driver="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
url="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mahendra" user="root" password="root"
scope="session" />
<html>
<head>
<title>General Query</title>
</head>
<body>
Please enter a query:
<br />
<form method="post"><textarea name="cmd" cols="40" rows="5"></textarea>
<br />
<input type="submit" /></form>
</body>
<c:if test="${pageContext.request.method=='POST'}">
<c:choose>
<c:when test="${param.cmd!=null}">
<c:set var="str" value="${param.cmd}" />
</c:when>
<c:otherwise>
<c:set var="str" value="select * from tableName" />
</c:otherwise>
</c:choose>
<font size="4" color="green">Query : </FONT>
<u><c:out value="${str}" /></u>
<c:catch var="e">
<sql:query var="users" dataSource="${dataSource}" sql="${param.cmd}" />
<table border="1" size="100%">
<c:forEach var="row" items="${users.rows}">
<tr>
<c:forEach var="col" items="${row}">
<td><c:out value="${col.value}" /></td>
</c:forEach>
</tr>
</c:forEach>
</table>
</c:catch>
<c:if test="${e!=null}">
<h3>Error</h3>
<c:out value="${e}" />
</c:if>
</c:if>
</html>


Steps to run this example :

1:  Download the zip file of code and unzip this file, you will get a folder named  'executeQuery_JstlSqlTag'.
2:  Paste this folder in 'Apache Tomcat 6.0.16-->webapps' or generally in directory 'C:\apache-tomcat-6.0.16\webapps'.
3:  Start tomcat server by click on startup.bat file in 'C:\apache-tomcat-6.0.16\bin'.
4: Open browser and type url 'http://localhost:8080/executeQuery_JstlSqlTag/executeQuery_JstlSqlTag.jsp
' or click on this link.

Output of the program

When user enter sql query in the text area and click on submit query button, response will be.....

Download Source Code

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Posted on: August 11, 2008

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