The JDBC Driver Manager
The JDBC Driver Manager is a very important class that defines objects which connect Java applications to a JDBC driver. Usually Driver Manager is the backbone of the JDBC architecture. It's very simple and small that is used to provide a means of managing the different types of JDBC database driver running on an application. The main responsibility of JDBC database driver is to load all the drivers found in the system properly as well as to select the most appropriate driver from opening a connection to a database. The Driver Manager also helps to select the most appropriate driver from the previously loaded drivers when a new open database is connected.
The DriverManager class works between the user and the drivers. The task of the DriverManager class is to keep track of the drivers that are available and handles establishing a connection between a database and the appropriate driver. It even keeps track of the driver login time limits and printing of log and tracing messages. This class is mainly useful for the simple application, the most frequently used method of this class is DriverManager.getConnetion(). We can know by the name of the method that this method establishes a connection to a database.
The DriverManager class maintains the list of the Driver classes. Each driver has to be get registered in the DriverManager class by calling the method DriverManager.registerDriver().
By calling the Class.forName() method the driver class get automatically loaded. The driver is loaded by calling the Class.forName() method. JDBC drivers are designed to tell the DriverManager about themselves automatically when their driver implementation class get loads.
This class has many methods. Some of the commonly used methods are given below:
1. deregisterDriver(Driver driver) : It drops the driver from the list of drivers registered in the DriverManager class.
2. registerDriver(Driver driver) : It registers the driver with the DriverManager class.
3. getConnection(String url) : It tries to establish the connection to a given database URL.
4. getConnection(String url, Sting user, String password) : It tries to establish the connection to a given database URL.
5. getConnection(String url, Properties info) : It tries to establish the connection to a given database URL.
6. getDriver(String url) : It attempts to locate the driver by the given string.
7. getDrivers() : It retrieves the enumeration of the drivers which has been registered with the DriverManager class.
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