Java is a high-level object-oriented programming language developed by the Sun Microsystems. Though it is associated with the World Wide Web but it is older than the origin of Web. It was only developed keeping in mind the consumer electronics and communication equipments. It came into existence as a part of web application, web services and a platform independent programming language in the 1990s.
Earlier, C++ was widely used to write object oriented programming languages, however, it was not a platform independent and needed to be recompiled for each different CPUs. A team of Sun Microsystems including Patrick Naughton, Mike Sheridan in the guidance of James Goslings decided to develop an advanced programming language for the betterment of consumer electronic devices. They wanted to make it new software based on the power of networks that can run on different application areas, such as computers and electronic devices. In the year 1991 they make platform independent software and named it Oak. But later due to some patent conflicts, it was renamed as Java and in 1995 the Java 1.0 was officially released to the world.
Java is influenced by C, C++, Smalltalk and borrowed some advanced features from some other languages. The company promoted this software product with a slogan named “Write Once Run Anywhere” that means it can develop and run on any device equipped with Java Virtual Machine (JVM). This language is applicable in all kinds of operating systems including Linux, Windows, Solaris, and HP-UX etc.
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