If you are new in Java programming then our tutorials and examples will be helpful in understanding Java programming in the most simplest way. Here after reading this lesson, you will be able to break java program into tokens.
The use of token is just like as we take tokens
for getting a milk or get into a metro, so that the one token can be read at a
Suppose if we have to make a token of a java file then we will do. Firstly we have to make a class TokenizingJavaSourceCode. Declare a main method in it . Now make a object of BufferedReader class and pass the InputStream class object into it which will read the name of the java file at run time. Now we need to read the file so we use FileReader class ,after reading a file we need to generate a tokens out of that file so, we use class StreamTokenizer and pass reference of a Reader class in its constructor. In this program we are using one method of StreamTokenizer class.
To solve this problem we have make use of the following classes and methods.
InputStream: It is a abstract class and the parent class of all the Stream classes.
BufferedReader: This class reads the text from the input stream. This class extends Reader class.
File: It is a class implementing Serializable and Comparable interface.
FileReader: This class reads the file in the character format. It extends InputStreamReader.
StreamTokenizer: This class takes a input stream and break it into tokens so that one token can be read at a time. It takes FileReader instance as a input in its constructor.
readLine(): It is a method of BufferedReader class which reads a line.
exists(): It will check whether the file exists or not.
nextToken(): It gives the next token.
We have also used one final static variable TT_EOF which tells the reader that the end of the file has been read.
The code of this program is given below:
Output of this program is given below:
|C:\Java Tutorial>java TokenizingJavaSourceCode
Please enter a java file name: TokenizingJavaSourceCode.java
Number of tokens = 158
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