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Hibernate : Dynamic-insert

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This tutorial contains description of Hibernate dynamic-insert.

Hibernate : Dynamic-insert

This tutorial contains description of Hibernate dynamic-insert.

Hibernate : Dynamic-insert :

Hibernate allows you to use dynamic-insert. It is optional and by default it's value is false.
When dynamic-insert is true it means INSERT SQL is generated at runtime and contains only those columns whose value are set.
Hibernate generates corresponding SQL each time for dynamic-insert.
It is good to use dynamic-insert or dynamic-update where number of columns in a table and you want to set value in some of them.

You can use dynamic-insert in two ways -by using annotation or in xml file.

Example - Here is an example of dynamic-insert. We are using annotation to set dynamic-insert.

Student.java -

package net.roseindia.table;

import java.io.Serializable;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

@Entity
@Table(name="student")
@org.hibernate.annotations.Entity(
dynamicInsert = true)                //
public class Student implements Serializable {

@Id
@GeneratedValue
@Column(name="roll_no")
private int roll;

@Column(name="name")
private String name;

@Column(name="course")
private String course;

public Student() {

}

public int getRoll() {
return roll;
}

public void setRoll(int roll) {
this.roll = roll;
}

public String getName() {
return name;
}

public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}

public String getCourse() {
return course;
}

public void setCourse(String course) {
this.course = course;
}

}

Main class HibernateDynamicInsert.java-

package net.roseindia.main;

import net.roseindia.table.Student;
import net.roseindia.util.HibernateUtil;
import org.hibernate.HibernateException;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

public class HibernateDynamicInsert {

public static void main(String[] args) {
Session session = HibernateUtil.getSessionFactory().openSession();
Transaction transaction = null;
try {
transaction = session.beginTransaction();
Student student = new Student();
student.setName("Justin");
session.save(student);
transaction.commit();
System.out.println("Record saved");
} catch (HibernateException e) {
transaction.rollback();
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
session.close();
}
}
}

Output :

Hibernate: insert into student (name) values (?)
Record saved

If you assign dynamicInsert =false then your output is -

Hibernate: insert into student (course, name) values (?, ?)
Record saved

Click here to download complete source code

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Posted on: August 17, 2012

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