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Login or Cancel Application Using Ajax

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This section provides you, an easy and complete implementation of login application with features like submit and cancel buttons using the Ajax (DOJO). This application also checks the user validation i.e. the logging user is valid or not.

Login or Cancel Application Using Ajax

     

This section provides you, an easy and complete implementation of login application with features like submit and cancel buttons using the Ajax (DOJO). This application also checks the user validation i.e. the logging user is valid or not.

Lets develop a login  application using Ajax with features like submit and cancel buttons. This login application first authenticates a user, it asks the login name and password (Both the login name and password is "Admin") from the user. It displays a welcome page, when both fields are correctly filled by the user. Otherwise it displays an error and DEBUG messages (Invalid user name and password! Please try again! and DEBUG: widget ID collision on ID: ajaxLogin_0). 

If you want to cancel the filled-up details from the form then click the "Cancel" button. After clicking, it again asks for the login name and password. 

Create an action mapping in the struts.xml file. Here is the code to be added in the struts.xml:

<action name="showAjaxLoginCancelForm">
   <result>/pages/ajaxloginCancel.jsp</result>
</action>

<action name="ajaxloginCancel" class="net.roseindia.Login">
  <result name="input">/pages/ajaxloginCancel.jsp</result>
   <result name="error">/pages/ajaxloginCancel.jsp</result>
   <result name="cancel" type="redirect">/pages/ajaxloginCancel.jsp</result>
   <result>/pages/ajaxloginsuccess.jsp</result>
</action>

Develop an action class that handles the login and cancel request and it also checks for the user authentication. If the user name and password is "Admin" then it returns SUCCESS otherwise ERROR strings. Whenever you click the "Cancel" button, it returns the NONE field (NONE field:  The action execution was successful but did not show a view).

Here is the code of "Login.java" action class:

package net.roseindia;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import java.util.Date;


/**
 <p> Validate a user login. </p>
 */
public  class Login  extends ActionSupport {


  public String execute() throws Exception {
  if(!getUsername().equals("Admin"|| !getPassword().equals("Admin")){
  addActionError("Invalid user name or password! Please try again!");
  return ERROR;
  }
  if(getUsername().equals("Admin"|| getPassword().equals("Admin")){
  return SUCCESS;
  }else{
  return NONE;
  }
  }


  // ---- Username property ----

  /**
 <p>Field to store User username.</p>
 <p/>
 */
  private String username = null;


  /**
 <p>Provide User username.</p>
 *
 @return Returns the User username.
 */
  public String getUsername() {
  return username;
  }

  /**
 <p>Store new User username</p>
 *
 @param value The username to set.
 */
  public void setUsername(String value) {
  username = value;
  }

  // ---- Username property ----

  /**
 <p>Field to store User password.</p>
 <p/>
 */
  private String password = null;


  /**
 <p>Provide User password.</p>
 *
 @return Returns the User password.
 */
  public String getPassword() {
  return password;
  }

  /**
 <p>Store new User password</p>
 *
 @param value The password to set.
 */
  public void setPassword(String value) {
  password = value;
  }

}

Develop a Login or Cancel Form Using Ajax : The GUI of the application consists of a login form (ajaxloginCancel.jsp). This jsp page uses the <s:div> tag, this tag creates a content area that can load its content using Ajax tags, optionally refreshing. Here we also use the <s:submit> tag that is used to update element (s) or submit a form with the help of Ajax. The "Cancel" button calls submit tag to notify an action to perform cancel operation.   

Whenever an error occurs  then the <s:actionerror> and <s:fielderror> tags execute and the page displays an error message.

Here is the code of ajaxloginCancel.jsp file:

<%taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>
<html>
  <head>
  <s:head theme="ajax" debug="true"/>
  </head>
  <body>
  <s:div id="loginDiv" theme="ajax">
  <div style="width: 300px;border-style: solid">
  <s:form action="ajaxloginCancel"  validate="true">
  <tr>
  <td colspan="2">
  Login
  </td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
  <td colspan="2">
  <s:actionerror />
  <s:fielderror />
  </td>  
  <s:textfield name="username" label="Login name"/>
  <s:password name="password" label="Password"/>
  <s:submit value="Submit" theme="ajax" targets="loginDiv"
 
notifyTopics="/ajaxloginCancel"/>
  <s:submit action="showAjaxLoginCancelForm" value="Cancel"

 onclick="form.onsubmit=null"/>
  
  </s:form>
  </div>
  </s:div>
  </body>
</html>

The "ajaxloginsuccess.jsp" page displays the Login Success message (Welcome to Admin) when the user is successfully authenticated. 

Here is the code of "ajaxloginsuccess.jsp" file:

<html>
  <head>
  <title>Login Success</title>
  </head>
  <body>
  <p align="center"><font color="#000080" size="5">Login Successful !</font></p>
  <h1> Welcome to <%=request.getParameter("username")%>  </h1>
  </body>
</html>

Output of the ajax login or cancel application:

When this application executes you get a login page as shown:

If you leave the "Login name" and "password" field empty in the login page then a message is displayed as shown below:

If you leave the "Login name" field empty and just fills the "Password" field in the login page then a message is displayed as shown below:

If you fill the "Login name" field empty and just leaves the "Password" field empty in the login page then a message is displayed as shown below:

If you enter the wrong login name and password in the login page then it displays a  message as shown below:

After clicking the "Cancel" button, you get the following:

When you enter the correct login name and password to the login page:

Displays a success message as shown:

     

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Posted on: February 27, 2008

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