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Mysql Alter Table

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Mysql Alter Table

     

Mysql Alter Table is used to redefine the existing table.

Understand with Example

The Tutorial illustrate an example from 'Mysql Alter Table'. To grasp this example we create a table 'employees'. The create table statement is used to create a table 'employees' with different fieldname and datatype respectively. The table have a Primary Key column 'empid'.

Query to create table:

CREATE TABLE employees ( 
            ->Empid int(10),  
            ->Empname varchar(60),
             ->date date 
	     ->PRIMARY KEY(Empid)  
           ->);

Query to insert data into Table named employees:

The Query insert into add the records or rows into table 'employees'.

mysql>insert into employees values(01,'Girish','2008-12-22');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)
mysql>insert into employee1 values(02,'Komal','2008-12-23');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

Query to view data of  Table named employees:

To view the detail of table 'employees' we use select query that returns the detail of table 'employees'.

mysql> select * from employees;

Output:-

+-------+---------+------------+
| Empid | Empname | date       |
+-------+---------+------------+
|     1 | Girish  | 2008-12-22 |
|     2 | Komal   | 2008-12-23 |
+-------+---------+------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Query to alter Table named employees by adding column named city:

The Query Alter is used to modify the table 'employees' and add keywords is used to add the column name 'city' to the existing table.

mysql> alter table employees
    -> add column city varchar(30);
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.13 sec)
Records: 2  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

Output:-

mysql> select * from employees;
+-------+---------+------------+------+
| Empid | Empname | date       | city |
+-------+---------+------------+------+
|     1 | Girish  | 2008-12-22 | NULL |
|     2 | Komal   | 2008-12-23 | NULL |
+-------+---------+------------+------+
2 rows in set (0.02 sec)
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Posted on: April 18, 2011

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Comments:1
lakshmi
October 19, 2011
Excellent site

Really cool coding....
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