In Java programming we need to implement some native
methods. You must be wondering about what's native methods.
Firstly, The native methods are in pure C code, not C++. The function prototypes are in an object-oriented form of C which are being provided by javah , but they are still not object methods.
Secondly, We can call native methods applications only. However due to some security reasons, we cannot call applets from native methods.
Thirdly, native methods are platform-specific. This is the most important point to remember, you have to build a dynamically loadable library to link your java application with the native operating system (Windows OS, Machintosh, Linux, Unix ..). For each native platform your application targets, a dynamically loadable library is needed to be shipped.. That means any system-specific code has to be ported along with the java code.
On the other hand, native methods are the only way to use any system features not provided by the Java Virtual Machine.
To implement these methods Javah generates C header and source files that are used by C programs to reference an Object's instance variables from native source code. The name of the header file and the structure declared within it are derived from the name of the class.
By default javah creates a header file for each class listed on the command line and puts the files in the current directory. As stated above the name of the header file is derived from the name of the class. If any class inside the package is passed to javah, the package name gets prepended to both the header file name and the structure name.
Following are some options to use :
This option concatenates the resulting header or source files for all the classes listed on the command line into outputfile.
Print help message for javah usage.
This option sets the directory where javah saves the header files or the stub files. Only one of -d or -o may be used.
Specifies the path javah used to look up classes. Overrides the default or the CLASSPATH environment variable if it is set. Directories are separated by semi-colons. Thus the general format for path is:
Causes javah to generate C declarations from the Java object file.
Indicates verbose output and causes javah to print a message to stdout concerning the status of the generated files.
Prints out javah version information.
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Posted on: June 11, 2007 If you enjoyed this post then why not add us on Google+? Add us to your Circles