How can we replace the JSF Standard Error Message?
Create the message bundle file and set the value of the key for a particular type of error specified in JSF specification.
JSF Interview Questions
How can we replace the JSF Standard Error Message? Create the message bundle file and set the value of the key for a
particular type of error specified in JSF specification.
For example, JSF specification supplies value "Value is required"
for key "javax.faces.component.UIInput.REQUIRED" so replace
the value in our message bundle file similar to the following :
Please enter the required value.
Register the message bundle within <application> tag in
the configuration file (faces-config.xml) and restart the server. Now
when we use message or messages tag in the view page then the value
specified in this message bundle file for a particular error is
How we can change the appearance of error messages in a JSF Page? The appearance can be changed by any of the two methods :
Using "style" attribute or "styleClass"
attribute. "style" attribute is used to set the CSS
style definition for the component while styleClass attribute is used
to set the CSS class for the component. Using "styleClass"
attribute is same as html "class" attribute.
What is the significance of properties file (Resource Bundle) and
how to use this in our JSF page?
Properties file is a collection of param=value pairs. This
provides a great benefit to the application like we can modify these
values easily and there is no need to change the JSP file. For example,
we can create "message.properties" like :
prompt=Enter Your Name:
greeting_text=Welcome In Roseindia
Now edit the configuration file using <message-bundle> element which tells the application where the message resource
file is located.
How can I use several configuration resource files in one single application? JSF finds configuration file or files looking in context initialization parameter,
javax.faces.CONFIG_FILES in web.xml, that specifies one or more paths to multiple configuration files for your web application.
These multiple paths must be comma separeted. The important point to
remember is not to register /WEB-INF/faces-config.xml file in the web.xml. Otherwise, the JSF implementation will process it twice. For example, make changes
in web.xml like below :
Can we use a different configuration resource file in place of
traditional "faces-config.xml" file in our application? JavaServer Faces technology provides an XML document for configuring resources.
This file is used to register application's resources, such as
validators, converters, managed beans, and navigation rules.
This application configuration resource file is usually called faces-config.xml.
You can have more than one application configuration resource file but
it must be valid against the DTD located at http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-facesconfig_1_0.dtd. Now register the file
within context-param element in web.xml file.