Integers are whole numbers, for example, -35, 0, 2048, .... Integers are represented in binary inside the computer, and in decimal in Java source programs. Java automatically converts decimal numbers you write in your source program into binary numbers internally.
Primitive types. The are four types of integers in Java:
The most common is int.
All integers are stored in signed, two's-complement, format.
char is an unsigned integer type altho it
is almost exclusively used to store characters. Making it integer is largely because of Java's legacy from
C++. Don't use
char for integers unless you are sure of what you're
Classes. In addition to the primitive types, there are two classes used for integers.
Java stores all integers in memory as binary numbers.
Here is how to write decimal integer literals (constants).
intliterals are written in the usual decimal notation, like 34 or -222.
longliterals are written by adding an L (or lowercase l altho this is almost impossible to distinguish from the digit 1), eg, 34L or -222L.
short, altho sometimes Java will automatically cast an int literal to the appropriate type.
You can write an int in hexadecimal by prefixing the hexadecimal number with the digit zero followed by the letter x, "0x" or "0X". The hexadecimal digits are 0-9 and the letters a-f in upper- or lowercase.
int i; i = 0x2A; // assigns decimal 42 to i.
Operations may produce numbers which are too large (overflow) to be stored in an
No error is caused in this case; the result is simply an incorrect number (one
of the shames of modern computer arithmetic). Division by zero will cause
an execution exception (ArithmeticException).
Use BigInteger to prevent arithmetic overflow.