Hibernate SessionFactory

This section describes you about the SessionFactory in Hibernate.


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Hibernate SessionFactory

In this tutorial we will learn about how the SessionFactory creates the session.

SessionFactory is an interface that extends the Referenceable and Serializable interfaces and produces the Session instances. In an application the SessionFactory instance is globally created and is thread safe that the Session instance can be obtained from this factory on receiving request from the client. Once the SessionFactory is created it can't be change, its internal state becomes set. Internal state of SessionFactory contains all of the metadata about ORM.

Syntax :

public interface SessionFactory
extends Referenceable, Serializable

This interface also declares methods. Some of the useful methods are as follows :

  • Session openSession() : This method is used to open Session.

    Syntax : Session openSession() throws HibernateException

    Note : This method is overloaded in this interface with different signatures.
  • StatelessSession openStatelessSession() : This method is used to open a stateless Session.

    Syntax : StatelessSession openStatelessSession()
  • StatelessSession openStatelessSession(Connection connection) : This method is used to open a stateless Session using the given JDBC Connection.

    Syntax : StatelessSession openStatelessSession(Connection connection)
  • boolean isClosed() : This method is used to check whether the SessionFactory is closed or not.

    Syntax : boolean isClosed()
  • Session getCurrentSession() : This method is used to get the current Session.

    Syntax : Session getCurrentSession() throws HibernateException


Here I am giving a simple example which will demonstrate you about how to use the SessionFactory in the application. This example will explain you how you can open a Session using SessionFactory. In this example we will use the Eclipse IDE for writing and compiling the application and MySQL for database connectivity. Here I have created a Java project in Eclipse then I have created different packages inside the src folder and then created classes inside the packages. I have created the hibernate XML mapping file inside the src folder where I have mapped the Class and its property with the table and its field. Then I have created a hibernate configuration file where I have provide the RDBMS informations inside the <property> sub tag of <session-factory> tag.


package net.roseindia;

public class Person
int id;
String name;
public Person()
public Person(int id, String name) {
this.id = id;
this.name = name;
public int getId() {
return id;
public void setId(int id) {
this.id = id;
public String getName() {
return name;
public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;


package net.roseindia;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import org.hibernate.service.ServiceRegistry;
import org.hibernate.service.ServiceRegistryBuilder;

public class PersonDetail
private static SessionFactory sessionFactory;
private static ServiceRegistry serviceRegistry;

public static void main(String[] args)
Session session = null;
Configuration cfg = new Configuration().addResource(
serviceRegistry = new ServiceRegistryBuilder().applySettings(
sessionFactory = cfg.buildSessionFactory(serviceRegistry);
catch (Throwable ex)
System.err.println("Failed to create sessionFactory object."+ ex);
throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);
session = sessionFactory.openSession();
Transaction tx = session.beginTransaction();

Person person = (Person)session.get(Person.class, new Integer(1));

} catch (Exception e) {
} finally {


<?xml version='1.0'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"

<hibernate-mapping package="net.roseindia">
<class name="Person" table="person1">
<id name="id" type="int" column="Id" >
<generator class="assigned"/>

<property name="name">
<column name="Name" />



<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"

<property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/record
<property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.password">root</property>
<property name="hibernate.connection.pool_size">10</property>
<property name="show_sql">true</property>
<property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
<property name="hibernate.current_session_context_class">thread</property>


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Hibernate SessionFactory

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